Peter’s Declaration About Jesus (Matthew 16:13-23)
When Jesus came to the region of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, â€œWho do people say the Son of Man is?â€ They replied, â€œSome say John the Baptist; others say Elijah; and still others, Jeremiah or one of the prophets.â€ â€œBut what about you?â€ he asked. â€œWho do you say I am?â€ Simon Peter answered, â€œYou are the Messiah, the Son of the living God.â€ Jesus replied, â€œBlessed are you, Simon son of Jonah, for this was not revealed to you by flesh and blood, but by my Father in heaven. And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overcome it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven; whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.â€ Then he ordered his disciples not to tell anyone that he was the Messiah.
From that time on Jesus began to explain to his disciples that he must go to Jerusalem and suffer many things at the hands of the elders, the chief priests and the teachers of the law, and that he must be killed and on the third day be raised to life. Peter took him aside and began to rebuke him. â€œNever, Lord!â€ he said. â€œThis shall never happen to you!â€ Jesus turned and said to Peter, â€œGet behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the concerns of God, but merely human concerns.â€
Jesus proclaims Peter very fortunate for his rightful faith declaration: Peter answered, â€˜You are the Messiah, the Son of the living Godâ€™. Jesus replied â€˜It is well for you, Simon Barjona, for it is not flesh or blood that has revealed this to you but my Father in heavenâ€™ (Mt 16:16-17).
By this congratulation Jesus promises Peter the primacy of his Church; but, shortly after, He scolds Peter for having a very human and wrong idea of what the Messiah would do: Then Peter took him aside and began to reproach him, â€˜Never, Lord! No, this must never happen to youâ€™. But Jesus turned to him and said, â€œGet behind me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to me; you do not have in mind the concerns of God, but merely human concerns.â€Â (Mt 16:22-23).
We have to be grateful to the evangelists for presenting us the first disciples of Jesus as they actually were: no idealized characters, but people of flesh and blood as ourselves, with their defects and virtues; which gets them closer to us and helps us to see that perfecting ourselves in Christian life is a certain path we all have to follow, for nobody is born knowing all the answers.
As we already know how history goes, let us accept Jesus Christ was the suffering Messiah prophet Isaiah announced who offered his life in the Cross. What is more difficult to accept is that we must keep on presenting his work by following the same path of surrendering, renunciation and sacrifice.
Imbued, as we appear to be, with a society that encourages quick success, learning without any effort and in a funny way, and achieving the maximum profit with the least possible strain, it should not surprise us we end up by seeing things more as people do than as God does. Once he received the Holy Spirit, Peter learned where the path he had to follow went through and he lived by this expectation.
“World tribulations are full of sadness and empty of any prizes; but those we suffer for God are softened by the hope of an eternal prize” – St. Ephraem.
– – – written byÂ Fr. Joaquim MESEGUER GarcÃa (Barcelona, Spain)
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